Robert Todd Lincoln, President Lincoln’s son, was very concerned about the rewriting of history after the Civil War by Southerners. He charged the slain president’s two secretaries with writing the definitive and factual history of the war. It was not about state’s rights—it started as the effort to maintain the Union, but over time, Lincoln committed to eliminating slavery. Lincoln’s son wanted to make sure that people knew the truth.
If you read history and take into account the fights in Congress in the years leading up to the war, you will see that this is true. The Missouri Compromise, The Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act—all attempting to appease slaveholders—sought to avert war; unfortunately, war was inevitable.
The issue of slavery had been divisive since before the signing of the Declaration of Independence. John Adams—founding father and second president of the United States had warned that if the South formed a new nation, it would ultimately be torn apart by an extremely violent slave insurrection. The Confederacy did not last long enough to test his prediction, but it seems logical.
What if the effort to preserve the Union hadn’t been successful? If the slaves had rebelled or otherwise escaped, what would things be like today?
Perhaps all the “Whites Only” bigots would live in the Confederated States. The rest of us wouldn’t. It’s an interesting idea.